Solutions for Air Pollution
In 1955 the first laws were passed to help with air pollution control. The APCA (Air Pollution Control Act) was implemented by the Federal government in the United States. By that time in our society we already knew that there were serious problems with air pollution. This was especially true around the state of California. However, the Federal government had tried their best to stay out of such affairs but finally felt that they needed to take action.
The studies for APCA began in 1950 and indicated that the issues and concerns with air pollution were far more severe than had been initially realized. Ironically, there was plenty of money for the study, $15 million in all, but then no money in place by the Federal government to be able to help reduce the problems associated with air pollution.
The government did their best to allocate funds for a variety of projects that they felt would do the most good in controlling air pollution. For example in 1960 they began working closely with the Surgeon General to identify links between air pollution and various health concerns.
From that relationship stemmed that concerns over vehicle emissions causing high levels of air pollution. This was noted to be especially high in big cities due to the congestion of vehicles on a daily basis. In 1965 the Motor Vehicle Air Pollution Control Act was implemented.
This was one of the major steps towards air pollution control. By 1968 new vehicles were offering more than 70% less emissions than they had in the past. Today almost all of the newer vehicles are very efficient in that area. However, the sheer volume of vehicles on the roads have significantly increased since the 1960s.
The Clean Air Act was implemented in 1970. It clearly outlined some clean air standards for society to follow. The biggest culprits of contributions toair pollution at that time were the factories. Industrialization has its benefits but the air pollution was a major concern. The laws required those businesses to take action to reduce pollution or they would be fined. Those that didn’t comply risked being shut down completely.
The needs of society continue to change and so do the laws about air pollution. In 1990 The Clean Air Act was further amended. It further addressed pollution issues that had fallen though the cracks before. At the same time issues such as major petroleum spills were something that had to be looked at.
Air Pollution Control and the Technology
Technology continues to come to our aid for advancing in the world. Yet at the same time it will continue to bring new issues about air pollution into the spot light. There are always ongoing studies to measure air quality and to see what can be done. The biggest barrier though is a lack of funding to help make adequate changes to significantly reduce air pollution problems.
There is also the issue that air pollution can’t be solely identified as the reason for various health problems. There are many other variables too including the diet of a person, their weight, if they smoke or not, and genetics. Isolating the factors that cause air pollution to make a person sick is virtually impossible.
The EPA and the Air Pollution Control
The EPA continues to be an advocate for helping to regulate air pollution control. They can be tough on industry that fails to comply. A big part of their efforts involves being able to offer education to the public about what they can do to reduce air pollution. The small steps by people individually can add up to huge changes in the quality of air for all of us.