Oil pollution is a very serious problem due to the forms of aquatic life that are affected by it. Their bodies, habitat, and food sources can be quickly destroyed. Taking efforts to reduce the chances of oil pollution occurring is very important. The Federal government took such action after the Exxon Valdez oil spill in the 1990s.
Prevention of Oil Pollution: Oil Spills
They devised a plan of action that puts the resources of the Federal government into motion as soon as an oil spill occurs. It doesn’t matter if it is small, medium, or extremely large. The idea is to isolate the problem, control it, and to clean up as quickly as possible. Reducing long term effects from oil pollution requires immediate action.
Part of the plan by the Federal government for preventing oil spills is the development of strict guidelines for vessels out there. They have to conform to the standards and if they are caught violating them there are fines and fees. Should a company be found to be responsible for an oil spill they will have to pay for all of the cost of cleaning it up. BP found out recently that the Federal government wasn’t joking.
Well maintained equipment is essential to the prevention of oil pollution. When it comes to oil spills isn’t an issue of if it will happen but rather an issue of when it will take place. There are more than 200,000 million tons of oil transported annually in the bodies of water. Carefully inspecting equipment and taking action to prevent accidents is a big part of stopping huge problems from occurring.
Many of the vessels built today for the transport of oil have safety regulators on them. They are designed to reduce the amount of oil that could possibly spill out of them should there be an accident. This means that even though there would be some oil spilled it won’t end up being thousands of gallons.
Prevention of Oil Pollution: Adequate Training
All operators of oil vessels have to be well prepared for how to respond if there is any problem including an oil leak. There are plans of action that include coming to the aid of other vessels too when such help is needed.
Adequate training is essential to making that all happen. A plan that is well laid out on paper isn’t going to work if no one has gone over those procedures. Safety drills should be done at regular intervals as an act of prevention of oil pollution. All new employees should have in depth training and be able to show the physical ability to assist in times of crisis.
Prevention of oil pollution is a huge step to protecting our water and the marine life that lives there. Too many times in the past huge oil spills have had profound effects on society. The latest one being the BP oil spill. Each time something like that happens new ideas seem to emerge for preventing oil spills and speeding up the clean up process.
We are dependent upon oil and so that is why so many people look the other way when some of it is spilled in the water. However, we also have to realize that we are also dependent on water. Should we allow oil to ruin it that can limit what we have access to. We are also dependent on the forms of marine life that live in those waters. When they and their habitats are destroyed it comes back on all living things in a negative way. The money involved with preventing oil pollution is far less than what it takes to fully recover from one.