Types of Water Pollution
Too often the issue of water pollution is just lumped into one large category. However, it is important to break it down into the various segments that are responsible for it. By doing so we can get a better grasp on the overall situation. At the same time we can also get a better idea of the plans of action that can help to reduce them from continuing to affect our quality of water.
First, there are two categories that water pollution falls into. The first one is the point source where the entity causing the pollution is directly into the source of the water. The other is the non point source where there is a run off that occurs and eventually takes the pollutants into the water source. Regardless though both are a very serious problem and they need to be taken care of as well as they can.
We live in a society where we rely on plenty of items to be grown for us to eat. Yet the means for growing them contributes to various forms of water pollution. Herbicides are used to keep weeds and unwanted plants from growing around food items. When they are allowed to grow they can take away the water and nutrients that the crops need in order to thrive.
Exists Many Types of Water Pollution
Pesticides are used to keep various types of bugs and other living creatures away from the crops. Otherwise they may consume large amounts of them and not venture anywhere else. They have been known to destroy entire crop areas because there is no reason for them to move on when they have both food and shelter in one location. At the same time population increases due to the abundance of food that is offered.
Industrial elements are also a big part of the growth of our society. We don’t want to go back to the days when we don’t have large amount of food crops or large industries to produce the items we need as well as those that we want. However, the toxins that they produce do end up in large amounts in the water resources so such pollution is very serious.
Organic compounds are good for us, but they can be a type of water pollution when there is too much of them. For example when there is too much human waste or animal waste that gets into areas of water. The organic matter will result in more decomposers in the water. They will reduce the amount of oxygen that is offered from the water which makes it harder for all living things to survive.
You may not be as familiar with this next type of pollution. It is known as thermal pollution and it occurs when water is used as a coolant. This procedure is very common for industrialization. Then it is returned to the water but the temperature is higher than when it was first removed. This process will also reduce the amount of oxygen found in the water.
Natural changes to the environment can lead to what has been classified as ecological pollution. For example if there is a mudslide the sediment from it could get into run offer water and increase the levels of pollution. When a volcano erupts the amount of ash and lava from it change the environment and also contribute to higher than normal levels of water pollution. Such ecological problems have occurred throughout time but when you combine them with the human pollution contributions it is at an all time high. All of us have to take efforts to help reduce these various types of water pollution where we can.